Oral reading fluency is the ability to read connected text quickly, accurately, and with expression. In doing so, there is no noticeable cognitive effort that is associated with decoding the words on the page. Oral reading fluency is one of several critical components required for successful reading comprehension. Students who read with automaticity and have appropriate speed, accuracy, and proper expression are more likely to comprehend material because they are able to focus on the meaning of the text. When used as a predictor of higher stakes reading comprehension tasks, an assessment of oral reading fluency performs as well as or better than many other comprehensive tests of reading see Baker et al.
How to Improve Reading Fluency in Children | Teaching Strategies
These features of fluency are regularly assessed in schools. Accuracy may not be a realistic goal for many ELs because they may have difficulty correctly pronouncing the words in a passage. However, I think that activities that improve automaticity and prosody are very helpful to ELs, and it is worth providing explicit instruction to them to improve their fluency. It is my experience that activities that help develop reading fluency also improve oral language. Here are some strategies that help build fluency in ELs. Teacher read-alouds. This activity is an effective strategy to help ELs develop fluency and improve reading comprehension.
5 Activities to Improve Reading Fluency in Pre-K–5 ELs
A study by Stacy Wright, a Masters in Education student at California State University San Marcos, found that students using Read Naturally Software Edition had greater gains in fluency and comprehension than students who did not receive intervention instruction. One student from each pair was randomly assigned to an experimental group, and the other student was assigned to a control group. All students were given a pretest to determine their baseline reading fluency and comprehension levels. The students in the experimental group used Read Naturally SE for 30 minutes a day, three times a week, for 10 weeks. The students in the control group remained in the general education classroom and did not receive any reading intervention instruction.
Jump to navigation. Literacy skills are one of the most important areas of ability children develop in their first few years at school. They begin by sounding out words and learning to recognize common vocabulary from books and classroom materials. With sight reading and spelling practice comes greater fluency.